Quantitative Risk Analysis with Qualitative Statements

Cybersecurity risk analysis is crucial for orga-nizations to assess, identify, and prioritize possible threats to their systems and assets. Organizations aim to estimate the loss cost in case cybersecurity risks occur to decide the control actions they should invest in. Quantitative risk analysis aids organizations in making well-informed decisions about risk mitigation strategies and resource allocation. Therefore, organizations must use quantitative risk analysis methods to identify and prioritize risks rather than relying on qualitative methods. This paper proposes a spreadsheet-based quantitative risk analysis method based on verbal likelihoods. Our approach relies on tables constructed by experts that map between linguistic likelihood and possible probability ranges. Using linguistic terms to estimate the probability of risk occurrence will help experts apply quantitative estimation easily by using common language as input, thus eliminating the need to assign precise probabilities. We experimented with real examples to validate our approach s accuracy and reliability and compared our results with those obtained from another method. Also, we conducted tests to measure our model s performance and robustness. Our study showcases the effectiveness of our approach and demonstrates its potential for risk analysts to use it in real-world applications.

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