Zero-Effort Two-Factor Authentication Using Wi-Fi Radio Wave Transmission and Machine Learning

The proliferation of sensitive information being stored online highlights the pressing need for secure and efficient user authentication methods. To address this issue, this paper presents a novel zero-effort two-factor authentication (2FA) approach that combines the unique characteristics of a user s environment and Machine Learning (ML) to confirm their identity. Our proposed approach utilizes Wi-Fi radio wave transmission and ML algorithms to analyze beacon frame characteristics and Received Signal Strength Indicator (RSSI) values from Wi-Fi access points to determine the user s location. The aim is to provide a secure and efficient method of authentication without the need for additional hardware or software. A prototype was developed using Raspberry Pi devices and experiments were conducted to demonstrate the effectiveness and practicality of the proposed approach. Results showed that the proposed system can significantly enhance the security of sensitive information in various industries such as finance, healthcare, and retail. This study sheds light on the potential of Wi-Fi radio waves and RSSI values as a means of user authentication and the power of ML to identify patterns in wireless signals for security purposes. The proposed system holds great promise in revolutionizing the field of 2FA and user authentication, offering a new era of secure and seamless access to sensitive information.

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